Columbia Orthopaedic Group
http://orthodoc.aaos.org/ColumbiaOrthopaedicGroup
Columbia Orthopaedic Group
1 South Keene St.
Columbia, MO 65201 USA
Phone: (573) 443-2402
Copyright 2009 American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Osteoporosis and Falls

If you have osteoporosis and you fall, you are likely to break a bone.

More than ten million people currently have osteoporosis; another 34 million have low bone mass and therefore are at risk of developing the disease. More than 2 million Americans sustain a fracture related to osteoporosis each year.

Bone is a living tissue composed mainly of calcium and protein which provide strength. Bone is constantly reforming (remodeling) as calcium is added to your bones and absorbed by your body.

Osteoporosis or "porous bone" develops when bone calcium is no longer replaced as quickly as it is removed, making the bone brittle. Half of all women over 50 will sustain an osteoporosis-related fracture sometime in their life. Men account for 20 percent of those affected by osteoporosis.

Factors that contribute to osteoporosis are:

  • Aging
  • Lack of weightbearing exercise
  • Excessive thyroid or cortisone hormone
  • Heredity, Caucasians and Asians are at greatest risk
  • Smoking and excessive alcohol intake
  • Reduced levels of estrogen after menopause
  • Low calcium dietary intake, reduced calcium absorption and inadequate Vitamin D levels, which affect skeletal health.
Last reviewed: August 2009
AAOS does not endorse any treatments, procedures, products, or physicians referenced herein. This information is provided as an educational service and is not intended to serve as medical advice. Anyone seeking specific orthopaedic advice or assistance should consult his or her orthopaedic surgeon, or locate one in your area through the AAOS "Find an Orthopaedist" program on this website.
Copyright 2009 American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Related Topics
Guidelines for Preventing Falls (http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00135)
Hip Fracture Prevention (http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00309)
OrthoInfo
The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
6300 N. River Road
Rosemont, IL 60018
Phone: 847.823.7186
Email: orthoinfo@aaos.org

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