Didier FONTES MD
International Member of the American Society for Surgery of the Hand
http://orthodoc.aaos.org/DrDidierFontes
Institut Main, Epaule et Sport Paris - Espace Médical VAUBAN www.vauban-medical.com
Espace Médical VAUBAN 2A avenue de Ségur
Paris, 75007 FRA
Phone: +33153598806  | Fax: +33153598801
Copyright 2011 American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Winter Sports Injury Prevention
© 2011, Thinkstock

More than 440,000 people were treated at hospitals, doctor's offices, and emergency rooms for winter sports-related injuries in 2010, according to the US Consumer Product Safety Commission.

  • 144,000 injuries from snow skiing
  • 148,000 injuries from snow boarding
  • 58,500 injuries from ice skating
  • 91,000 injuries from sledding and tobogganing

Common winter sports injuries include sprains, strains, dislocations, and fractures. Many of these injuries happen at the end of the day, when people overexert themselves to finish that one last run before the day's end. A majority of these injuries can easily be prevented if participants prepare for their sport by keeping in good physical condition, staying alert, and stopping when they are tired or in pain.

There are many things you can do to help prevent injury during favorite winter activities.

  • Never participate alone in a winter sport.
  • Keep in shape and condition muscles before participating in winter activities.
  • Warm up thoroughly before playing or participating. Cold muscles, tendons, and ligaments are vulnerable to injury.
  • Wear appropriate protective gear, including goggles, helmets, gloves and padding.
  • Check that equipment is working properly prior to use.
  • Wear several layers of light, loose and water- and wind-resistant clothing for warmth and protection. Layering allows you to accommodate your body's constantly changing temperature. Wear proper footwear that provides warmth and dryness, as well as ample ankle support.
  • Know and abide by all rules of the sport in which you are participating.
  • Take a lesson (or several) from a qualified instructor, especially in sports like skiing and snow boarding. Learning how to fall correctly and safely can reduce the risk of injury.
  • Pay attention to warnings about upcoming storms and severe drops in temperature to ensure safety.
  • Seek shelter and medical attention immediately if you, or anyone with you, is experiencing hypothermia or frostbite. Make sure everyone is aware of proper procedures for getting help, if injuries occur.
  • Drink plenty of water before, during, and after activities.
  • Avoid participating in sports when you are in pain or exhausted.
Last reviewed: December 2011
AAOS does not endorse any treatments, procedures, products, or physicians referenced herein. This information is provided as an educational service and is not intended to serve as medical advice. Anyone seeking specific orthopaedic advice or assistance should consult his or her orthopaedic surgeon, or locate one in your area through the AAOS "Find an Orthopaedist" program on this website.
Copyright 2011 American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Related Links
Frostbite (http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00193)
Hockey Injury Prevention (http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00114)
Skiing Injury Prevention (http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00321)
Sledding Injury Prevention (http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00306)
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